This is a wiki for the Linux EDAC project
What is it?
EDAC Stands for "Error Detection and Correction". The Linux EDAC project comprises a series of Linux kernel modules, which make use of error detection facilities of computer hardware, currently hardware which detects the following errors is supported:
- System RAM errors (this is the original, and most mature part of the project) - many computers support RAM EDAC, (especially for chipsets which are aimed at high-reliability applications), but RAM which has extra storage capacity ("ECC RAM") is needed for these facilities to operate
- PCI bus transfer errors - the majority of PCI bridges, and peripherals support such error detection
Why do I need it?
Without the EDAC modules, on most current Linux systems:
- You may be experiencing PCI data corruption (e.g. your data is being corrupted between whilst travelling to/from your NIC/storage adapter, whilst on the PCI bus), and not know about it, as most systems do not check PCI devices for reported PCI parity errors (some may trigger an NMI, but you have no more info about what caused the NMI).
- If you have ECC memory, and you are experiencing correctable ECC errors, you probably won't know anything about it. With the EDAC modules installed on your system, you will get to know about bad memory modules before the errors become uncorrectable, and you have potentially corrupted data (and a crashed machine) - this includes finding out about memory modules which are bad as-shipped, before such systems are put into service (saving you time and hassle).
- If you have a motherboard which claims to support ECC, but the BIOS is not correctly enabling ECC mode, you won't know anything about it (until your machine crashes with unexplained memory errors - you won't even get an NMI, and the extra money spent on ECC memory will be wasted).
About the Errors that EDAC generates
If the EDAC subsystem is reporting errors on your system, please see WhyAmIgettingMemoryErrors, and WhyAmIgettingPciErrors. Please try and check out the possibilities listed here, and elsewhere on this wiki, before you either open a new bug report, or post to the mailing list.
The EDAC Bug Database
If you think you've found a bug, please search the EDAC Bugzilla to see if it has already been reported (you can then add yourself to the cc list for that bug, so that you are automatically informed of updates etc.), if it hasn't, then please create a new bug report.
There is some documentation in the kernel in Documentation/drivers/edac/ .
The EDAC Mailing List
Most of the EDAC developers keep an eye on the EDAC mailing list (hosted by Sourceforge) to a greater or lesser extent, but please remember that not many of them work on EDAC as part of their job, (and if they do, then they are paid to keep their employer's systems running), so check the Wiki, the bug database, and the mailing list archives for your problem first. If you have exhausted these possibilities, then by all means post to the mailing list!
- Be polite
- Please make sure you give all information which might be relevant e.g. your (exact) kernel version
- Be patient
If you get a reply, or find things out which weren't known about before, please add the information to this Wiki, in order to help others.
The EDAC code is in Linux Kernel version 2.6.16. The userspace API (via sysfs) is still a work in progress, and is not expected to firm-up until 2.6.17, please contribute to this effort, and help develop the necessary userspace tools (see below).
Getting the code
If you want a more recent version that the version in your current kernel, you can download a quilt stack from the sourceforge download page (see below), or by anonymous CVS checkout:
$ cd mydev-dir $ cvs -d:pserver:anonymous@bluesmoke cvs.sf.net:/cvsroot/bluesmoke login $ cvs -z3 -d:pserver:firstname.lastname@example.org:/cvsroot/bluesmoke co -r edac bluesmoke $ less bluesmoke/edac/patches/README
You will need a recent Linux kernel tree to apply the patches to. Or, if you just want to have a look at the recent changes, you can browse the CVS at:
The EDAC project was renamed from the "bluesmoke" prior to submission to the mainline Linux kernel. The Bluesmoke code was created by Thayne Harbaugh. The Linux-ECC project was EDAC's predecessor and its major inspiration. Developed by Dan Hollis and others, the Linux-ECC project is no longer maintained.
System Main Memory EDAC
Supported Memory Controllers
Please see the individual driver pages for information on supported revisions, motherboard-specific information etc.
|Manufacturer||Model||EDAC Driver||Tech Docs||Controller Capabilities||Status|
|AMD||Opteron||k8_edac.c||AMD||EDAC, ErrorScrub, BackgroundScrub||Supported Development Tree|
|AMD||Athlon64||k8_edac.c||AMD||EDAC, ErrorScrub, BackgroundScrub||Supported Development Tree|
|AMD||AthlonFX||k8_edac.c||AMD||EDAC, ErrorScrub, BackgroundScrub||Supported Development Tree|
|AMD||760||amd76x_edac.c||AMD||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|AMD||762||amd76x_edac.c||AMD||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|AMD||768||amd76x_edac.c||AMD||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||e7500||e7xxx_edac.c||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||e7501||e7xxx_edac.c||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||e7505||e7xxx_edac.c||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||e7520||e752x_edac.c||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||e7525||e752x_edac.c||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||82875p||i82875p_edac.c||EDAC||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||e7210||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||82860||i82860_edac.c||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
|Intel||5000(P/V/X)||i5000_edac.c||Patch in CVS|
|Intel||82443BX/GX(440BX/GX)||i82443bxgx_edac.c||Intel||EDAC, ErrorScrub||Patch in CVS|
|Radisys||82600||r82600_edac.c||Radisys||EDAC, ErrorScrub||Supported (Linux 2.6.16)|
Customisation for your Hardware
For many chipsets and motherboards, there is no consistant relationship between the memory banks/slots as made available to the EDAC driver, and the physical labels present next to the memory module socket. You can help by working out the relationship for your hardware, and adding the info to the MemorySlotLabels page.
PCI Error Reporting
PCI Parity error reporting facilities are included in the PCI specification, and the majority of add-in cards (and chips which are capable of being included in either add-in, or on-motherboard designs) support the PCI parity error detection, and reporting functionality. Some "fake" PCI devices which are not physically connected by a PCI bus (such as e.g. some ATA host adaptors which are built-in to a motherboard chipset) typically do not include the functionality.
Error Detection Overhead
The driver currently only support error detection via polling. Polling all of the PCI devices' error status registers can be time consuming, especially on machines which have many devices. You may wish to slow the error polling rate, or disable it altogether on such systems.
Some PCI devices (or just particular revisions of those devices) are broken with respect to PCI parity detection, and display false positives. You can check (and add to) the list of broken devices on the PCIDevicesWithBrokenParityDetection page.
We need your help:
- Improve this documentation
- Test the code
- Report broken hardware for the blacklists
- Create memory slot entries for your hardware
- Create some user-space code (e.g. scripts to go in a cron job, extensions to SNMP daemons etc. etc.)
- Create a script to generate dimm labels, whitelists from the WIKI contents
Sourceforge project page 
An overview of EDAC technologies on Wikipedia 
The original Linux ECC project (Dan Hollis et al) - 
A talk delivered by Tim Small at UKUUG 2006 - 
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